HOW TO STORE WHEAT ON YOUR PROPERTY


Storage structures made of materials available locally are designed to protect grain from weather, insects, mites, fungi, rodents, and birds. Wheat grain may be stored in vertical grain bins for long-term storage.

PREPARATION OF GRAIN BINS
The first step in ensuring high-quality grain is to ensure that your storage facilities are ready for the grain. Clean out your bins and get rid of any remaining grain that might contain insects. Check under the floor areas as well, as these can be a great place for insects to move from one season to the next. If your bin was infested with insects at the end of last year, fumigate or thoroughly clean it.

STORING OF QUALITY GRAINS
The state of the wheat grain when you harvest it will decide how well it will store. If you're planning on storing wheat for a long time, start with mature, high-quality wheat.

DRY TO THE RIGHT MOISTURE CONTENT.
The grain must be dried to a lower moisture level for long-term storage. The optimal moisture content for wheat at harvest is between 18 and 20 percent. This is higher than the recommended wheat moisture content for storage. If you expect to sell soon, you'll want to reduce the moisture content to 13.5 percent, which is the perfect wheat moisture content for the best selling price.

IMPROVE AERATION
Aeration can be improved by properly spreading fines with a grain spreader or by performing repeated coring. On bins smaller than 48 feet, a grain spreader may be used to spread out fines.

It's important to spread fines out in the bin so they don't pile up in the middle. Air follows the route of least resistance, much like people and water. If the center has a lot of fines, the air will rise to the outside, causing a lot of spoilage in the center.

Load directly into the container for larger grain containers. Pull out about 300 bushels of grain every 10 to 15 feet to form an inverted cone. Repetitive coring is a technique for removing fines from the centimeter.

Pull the peaked grain bins down until the center is just below the corn at the wall after harvest is over. From the foot, the wheat grain will resemble the letter "M." This allows the elimination of fines and foreign content from the bin's center by bringing air movement to the center.


CONTROL THE TEMPERATURE.
It's crucial to be able to keep grain at a consistent temperature when it's being stored. Grain should be stored in a system with good aeration so that the grain temperature can be regulated. Temperature cables in the bin are a convenient way to keep an eye on the grain.

KEEP COOL IN SUMMER.
Just run the fan for as long as the grain near the top surface needs to be cooled. For a few days, you might need to run the fan for a few hours on a cold, dry morning. Running the fan for longer than required will warm the grain at the bottom of the bin, potentially causing storage issues.

CHECK GRAIN FREQUENTLY.
During the summer, it's long been suggested that you check your grain weekly. Climb to the top and check for a crust or a lingering odor before entering. The first symptom of a problem is usually a rise in surface moisture. Start your aeration fans if anything is wrong. A bin with a large enough aeration fan would have enough airflow to dry a thin layer of moisture on top of the bin. Collect a sample of the grain while inspecting it to assess the moisture content. The only real fix for out-of-condition issues that aren’t stopped by aeration is to unload the bin down to where the affected grain is and remove it. This means the grain will have to be marketed early, and poor grain quality will receive less on the market.

In winter that’s when you get some resting time because you will be checking your grains in the bins after about 3 weeks.

WATCH FOR INSECTS.
Another reason to inspect grain often during the summer is to keep an eye out for insects. During warm periods the rate at which insects multiply is high therefore weekly checkups would be ideal. Insect traps might be a great way to find the presence of insects, and if they are available you can then treat the wheat again.
 

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